New Emissions Tests
WLPT (the new ‘more accurate’ global harmonized standard for determining the levels of pollutants and CO2 emissions in vehicles) will have a significant effect on Company Car Tax (CCT) and Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) as they are both linked to vehicle CO2 emissions. As to how the Government are doing to mitigate these new standards well….wait and see. Until next Spring at any rate when the results of a review are likely to be unveiled in the Spring budget. The key problem is that, because the new tests are more accurate than the old ones, they will tend to produce less flattering emissions figures, which could push some cars into higher tax brackets than they occupied previously – which, in turn, could mean that some motorists are unfairly penalised for the choice of car they have already made. The fact that the Chancellor is conducting a review into this area is extremely encouraging, even if we do have to wait several more months for the outcome.
Draft Finance Bill 2019-20
This should be published next July and should include a new system of VED for vans, designed to encourage the uptake of cleaner vehicles. Again, despite the wait, this is an encouraging step. If the country is to travel down the road to zero emissions, then vans – and, eventually, HGVs – need to be as much a part of the policy discussion as cars currently are.
Company Car Tax (CCT)
We don’t know when we might discover the rates of CCT for 2021-22 and 2022-23. Frankly, we should have known them months – if not years – ago, but they weren’t announced then and they weren’t announced in Budget 2018 either, so we’re still waiting. This is a terrible situation for fleet managers and motorists, who used to be able to rely on knowing the rates for the next five years, and could make decisions based on those facts. As it is, the Chancellor is leaving them in the dark about one of the most significant areas of fleet policy.
Significant spending on roads
Back in 2014, George Osborne unveiled what he described as the ‘biggest road building programme for a generation’ – £15.2 billion would be spent between 2015 and 2020. But now that programme has been dwarfed by the near £30 billion that Philip Hammond set aside in the Budget for improving the country’s road network over the next five years. And so, the current Chancellor has trumped his predecessor… or has he? In truth, almost all of Hammond’s money comes from the hypothecated ‘Roads Fund’, linked to VED revenues, that Osborne established in 2015. That fund has now grown to titanic proportions, which is exactly the level of investment that the UK’s roads need.
The Plug-in Car Grant was cut back to its reduced rate earlier this month. The status of the home and workplace charging grants is also in doubt. And the Budget mentioned nothing about any of them. Thankfully, it did extend the Enhanced Capital Allowances for electric vehicle charge points until 2023 – but, otherwise, the future of these types of green incentives is shrouded in uncertainty.